REPORT: Atrocities Against Sudanese Women Protesters 2018-2019

Executive Summary:

For continuous 8 months, Sudanese women from all walks of life led the protests on streets calling for end of the 30 years rule of Omer Albashir and his militarized Islamic regime. The popular movement began on December 13, 2018, where female students in Aldmazien city in the conflict area of Blue Nile took the streets with their counterparts protesting bread shortage in the city. The student protesters were beaten by police and security forces. On December 16th, 2018, student protests tool place in Alfashir in Northern Darfur, as the protesters faced the tear gas and beating by police and security. Throughout Sudan for more than 8 months, Sudanese women faced all forms of gender-based violence and human rights violations. The horrific human rights atrocities committed against women protester had included but not limited to:  Rape, sexual abuse, detention, extrajudicial killings, physical injuries, enforced disappearances, torture, intimidations, reprisals, corporal punishment, defamation, unjust prosecutions, job dismissal and other forms of violations.

During the 8 month of the Sudanese revolution, women protesters faced unprecedented amount of violence and human rights violations amounts to serious atrocities that must be investigated urgently and independently. Hundreds of women protesters were injured, detained, sexually abused and tortured. At least 13 women were killed during the protests among them young child of 7 years old. Most of the deaths were caused by gun shots in the head and chest, which means direct targeting of the victims with orders to shoot to kill.

Hundreds of women professionals were subjected to intimidations, detention, unfair trials and reprisals because of their leadership of workers unions and local communities during the revolution. Women lawyers, doctors, engineers, teachers, banker, university professors and others were detained for weeks without charges or access to medical care. During the sit in crackdown on June 3rd, 2019, hundreds of women protesters were subjected to sexual violence including, verbal and physical harassment, rape, beating and intimidation. The main perpetrators are NISS officers, NCP militias, and riot police, before the regime fall on April 11, 2019. After the regime fall, the main forces responsible of most of the violence are the RSF officers and their leader Hamiditi. These forces are known of their use of rape as a weapon in Darfur and other war areas. RSF soldiers used all forms of violence and especially sexual violence during the sit in crackdown on June 3rd, 2019 and the days followed the attack all over Sudan.